Data Protection Policy
Context and overview
- Policy prepared by: David Kogan
- Policy became operational on: June 12th, 2018
David Kogan needs to gather and use certain information about individuals. These can include businesses, suppliers, employees and other people whom the organization has a relationship with or may need to contact.
This policy describes how this personal data must be collected, handled and stored to meet the company’s data protection standards — and to comply with the law.
Why this policy exists
This data protection policy ensures David Kogan:
- Complies with data protection law and follow good practice;
- Protects the rights of staff, customers and partners;
- Is open about how he stores and processes individuals’ data; and
- Protects himself from the risks of a data breach.
Data protection law
The Data Protection Act 1998 describes how organizations and individuals—including David Kogan—must collect, handle and store personal information. These rules apply regardless of whether data is stored electronically, on paper or on other materials.
To comply with the law, personal information must be collected and used fairly, stored safely and not disclosed unlawfully. The Data Protection Act is underpinned by eight important principles. These say that personal data must:
- Be processed fairly and lawfully;
- Be obtained only for specific, lawful purposes;
- Be adequate, relevant and not excessive;
- Be accurate and kept up to date;
- Not be held for any longer than necessary;
- Processed in accordance with the rights of data subjects;
- Be protected in appropriate ways; and
- Not be transferred outside the European Economic Area (EEA), unless that country or territory also ensures an adequate
- level of protection.
People, risks and responsibilities
This policy applies to:
- The head office for David Kogan;
- All contractors, suppliers and other people working on behalf of David Kogan.
It applies to all data that the company holds relating to identifiable individuals, even if that information technically falls outside of the Data Protection Act 1998. This can include:
- Names of individuals;
- Postal addresses;
- Email addresses;
- Telephone numbers;
- …plus any other information relating to individuals
Data protection risks
This policy helps to protect David Kogan from some very real data security risks, including:
- Breaches of confidentiality. For instance, information being given out inappropriately;
- Failing to offer choice. For instance, all individuals should be free to choose how he uses data relating to them; and
- Reputational damage. For instance, the company could suffer if hackers successfully gained access to sensitive data.
General staff guidelines
- The only people able to access data covered by this policy should be those who need it for their work.
- Data should not be shared informally.
- In particular, strong passwords must be used and they should never be shared.
- Personal data should not be disclosed to unauthorized people, either with David Kogan or externally.
- Data should be regularly reviewed and updated if it is found to be out of date. If no longer required, it should be deleted and disposed of.
These rules describe how and where data should be safely stored. Questions about storing data safely can be directed to David Kogan. When data is stored on paper, it should be kept in a secure place where unauthorized people cannot see it. These guidelines also apply to data that is usually stored electronically but has been printed out for some reason:
- When not required, the paper or files should be kept in a locked drawer or filing cabinet.
- David Kogan should make sure paper and printouts are not left where unauthorized people could see them, like on a printer.
- Data printouts should be shredded and disposed of securely when no longer required.
When data is stored electronically, it must be protected from unauthorized access, accidental deletion and malicious hacking attempts:
- Data should be protected by strong passwords that are changed regularly and never shared. If data is stored on removable media (like a CD or DVD), these should be kept locked away securely when not being used.
- Data should only be stored on designated drives and servers, and should only be uploaded to an approved cloud computing services.
- Servers containing personal data should be sited in a secure location, away from general office space.
- Data should be backed up frequently. Those backups should be tested regularly, in line with the company’s standard backup procedures.
- Data should never be saved directly to laptops or other mobile devices like tablets or smart phones.
All servers and computers containing data should be protected by approved security software and a firewall.
Personal data is of no value to David Kogan unless she can make use of it. However, it is when personal data is accessed and used that it can be at the greatest risk of loss, corruption or theft:
- When working with personal data, David Kogan should ensure the screens of his computers are always locked when left unattended.
- Personal data should not be shared informally or with individuals for their own use outside of the current email distribution service.
- Data must be encrypted before being transferred electronically. For those who reside within the European Union, personal data should never be transferred outside of the European Economic Area.
- David Kogan should not save copies of personal data to his own computers. Always access and update the central copy of any data.
The law requires David Kogan take reasonable steps to ensure data is kept accurate and up to date. The more important it is that the personal data is accurate, the greater the effort David Kogan should put into ensuring its accuracy.
- Data will be held in as few places as necessary.
- David Kogan should take every opportunity to ensure data is updated. For instance, by confirming a person’s details when they call.
- David Kogan will make it easy for data subjects to update the information David Kogan holds about them.
- Data should be updated as inaccuracies are discovered.
Subject access requests
All individuals who are the subject of personal data held by David Kogan are entitled to:
- Ask what information the organization holds about them and why.
- Ask how to gain access to it.
- Be informed how to keep it up to date.
- Be informed how the organization is meeting its data protection obligations.
If an individual contacts David Kogan requesting this information, this is called a subject access request. Subject access requests from individuals should be made by email, addressed to firstname.lastname@example.org. David Kogan can supply a standard request form, although individuals do not have to use this. Individuals will be charged $10 per subject access request. David Kogan will aim to provide the relevant data within 14 days. David Kogan will always verify the identity of anyone making a subject access request before handing over any information.
Disclosing data for other reasons
In certain circumstances, the Data Protection Act allows personal data to be disclosed to law enforcement agencies without the consent of the data subject. Under these circumstances, David Kogan will disclose requested data.
David Kogan aims to ensure that individuals are aware that their data is being processed, and that they understand:
- How the data is being used
- How to exercise their rights
To these ends, David Kogan has created this privacy statement, setting out how data relating to individuals is used by him.